Volgograd State Technical University

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Volgograd State Technical University was founded and raised to its present rank as a result of direct and continuous development of Stalingrad tractor-building and mechanical institute. The institute was founded in 1930, only a month prior to starting-up the "firstling" of home tractor industry - the Stalingrad Tractor Plant, for which training of specialists with higher technical education was originally intended.

During the first 10 years of its existence the institute achieved significant success in organization of academic activities and training of highly qualified specialists. In that period about 1300 engineers graduated from it to work in machine, automotive and defence industries, 386 graduates of the institute took up key positions. In the late 30-ies training of specialists without discontinuing work became a meaningful part of the carricula. It was carried out at the evening department formed in July 1931. It prepared specialists with higher education in the evening groups and qualified workers at the factory technical courses. Employees of various enterprises and institutions could be enrolled at the evening department. And only the employees of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant and the Plant "Barrikady" were eligible for attending the factory technical courses. The courses were financed by these plants.

The Second World War sharply changed the whole life of the institute. The most part of the students were sent to military academies. Another part went to work in heavy industry and continued their studies in the evening.

Research at the institute during the war was completely bent to the needs of the front. The researchers prepared doctoral dissertations, carried out work on orders of the defence industry. The research staff was headed by the pro-rector for academic affairs and research professor V.A. Dobrovolsky. Under his direct guidance a group of scientists conducted some special theoretical and experimental research of practical importance.

After the war was over, the revival of the city speeded up. New houses, hospitals, schools and shops were built. In summer 1945 the mechanical institute was relocated to one of the old buildings near the Tractor Plant. High schools of Moscow, Leningrad, Sverdlovsk, Saratov rendered help to the institute in that difficult period. They sent a lot of books, laboratory equipment, metal-cutting machines, measuring instruments and apparatuses.

In the 60-ies the institute was rapidly developing and broadening its activities. It was called forth by accelerating progress of the national economy, sharp rise of industry, particularly chemical and petroleum industries in the Volgograd region.

To solve the tasks connected with training engineers in a number of new specialties, additional teaching staff was needed. The institute administration and Party committee invited a large group of professors from leading universities and scientific institutions of the country to work at the institute. Among them were doctors of science P.O.Pashkov, A.P.Khardin, A.A.Chirkov, B.I.No and candidates of science G.I.Bryzgalin, V.E.Goremykin, B.N.Gorbunov, G.M.Kosolapov, A.M.Ogrel, G.P.Popov, A.I.Pryakhina, A.I.Rakhimov, V.V.Rublyov, V.S.Sedyh.

Till 1961 the institute had only 2 faculties - foundry and machine-building. Creation of new chairs, introduction of new specialties and increase in students enrolment required reorganization of the faculties and other divisions. In 1962 the foundry faculty was transformed into the faculty of thermal metal treatment. In 1963 a new faculty of chemical engineering was formed, and the machine-building faculty was divided into automotive-tractor and machine-building. In the 60-ies broad introduction of computers for engineering and economic needs, as well for production management, set up a task to create a computer center at the institute for research and teaching purposes. Such center appeared in 1968 at the chair of electrical engineering and industrial electronics.

By the beginning of the 80-ies Volgograd polytechnical institute had already become the largest versatile high school in the Volga region, a scientific school of authority that prepared engineers for machine-building, chemical and petroleum industries, autotransport management. The academic staff of the institute carried out a lot of research important for national science and economy. In 1980 the institute celebrated its 50th anniversary and was warded Order of the Red Banner of Labour.

Since early 90-ies the system of higher education in Russia underwent reforming in order to diversify the existing system, to make it more adaptable to radical changes in economy and social life in Russia, as well as to integrate it into international system of education. Professor Ivan A. Novakov, who was elected the Rector in 1989, started reforms at the institute together with new vice-rectors for academic affairs professors Vladislav A. Gudkov (till 1993) and Yury V. Popov, vice-rectors for research professors Mikhail B. Diperstein (till 1996) and Vladimir I. Lysak, vice-rectors for part-time education professors Yury A. Bondarev (till 1999) and Alexander M. Dvoryankin.

The level reached by the institute in scientific and academic activities allowed the State Committee of the Russian Federation on higher education to elevate Volgograd polytechnical institute into Volgograd State Technical University (VSTU).

VSTU was one of the first high schools in Russia that started a spade-work for changing over to a new structure of higher education. It required radical reforming of teaching. The first step to be done was reorganization of the teaching council - the main body coordinating academic activities and tuition at the university. The council staff was replenished with experienced professors of highest qualification and authority. The renewed council headed the work on development of new carricula, programs and methods.

In 1991 a rating system was introduced for evaluation of academic staff work, which added to improvement of the university's activities as a whole and stimulated the activities of prior importance.

After the institute got the status of a university the research activities raised to a new level. In 1992 the research sector was elevated to the rank of a research department. The academic staff was set a task to broaden the scope of themes and improve the quality of research, to participate in prestigious scientific programs and international competitions. In the recent years VSTU headed three sections of inter-university scientific-engineering programs (IUSEP): "New Polymer Materials" (IUSEP "General and Technical Chemistry"), "Polymer Materials" (IUSEP "Promising Materials"), "Scientific, Technical and Ecological Problems of the Volzhsky city" (IUSEP "University Science for regions").

Since 1990 VSTU has headed the competition for grants in basic research in chemical engineering.

Scientists of our university maintain close contacts with leading scientific centers of Russia and CIS countries.

Last update: Jun, 07 2012

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